The Cross House was designed by architect Charles W. Squires.
But who was Squires?
I can only find scant historical documentation, and would love to learn more.
Charles Wesley Squires was in born Southampton Township, Long Island, New York on February 5, 1851, and lived there until 1870 when he left for Columbus, Ohio, to study architecture. In 1881, Squires married married Susan Howey, a native of Illinois. Squires moved to Emporia in 1879.
Squires was extraordinarily prolific, and during his career he reportedly designed an astonishing 2700 structures throughout the Midwest. Most of these structures are in Kansas, and Emporia is blessed with more homes by Squires than any other architect. Indeed, on some blocks all the homes are by Squires. Close to the Cross House are at least eight Squires-designed homes.
Squires lived at 613 Exchange (just a block from the Cross House) and remained in Emporia until his death in 1934.
William Allen White wrote of his friend: “Charley Squires put his mark on this town; the mark of a generation. He built with absolute verity to the inner spirit of his day.”
The more I learn about the work of Squires the more I admire his talent. The man had a gift.
After much searching, in December, 2014, I finally found an image of the elusive Mr. Squires, age 77 — courtesy of ESU Special Collections and Archives.
A week later I found another image of Charles Squires! With his (I assume) doggy! Squires appears to be sitting beside his house at 613 Exchange. — image courtesy of Lyon County Historical Society.
NOTE: All the structures below, save four, are extant. I have not found images of two lost Emporia houses: the Colonel David Taylor House on Garfield Avenue, and the Sergeant House on Mechanic Street.
NOTE: I break the post below into two parts. Part One are confirmed Squires designs. Part Two are suspected Squires designs.
PART ONE: SQUIRES CONFIRMED
The Cross House (NRHP 2011), 526 Union, Emporia, KS, by Charles W. Squires (image courtesy ESU Special Collections).
524 Union, 1894, by Charles W. Squires. This is the original carriage house to the adjacent Cross House (I purchased both in 2014). In this 2014 image, 524 is looking a bit tattered as a decaying circa-1915 front porch was shorn off by me. The whole second floor in the image (save the rectangular dormer, in about the middle) is from 1894. All that you see on the first floor is from the circa-1915 renovation, when the carriage house was moved a bit to the west, placed on a full basement, and its barn-like main level rebuilt as a proper home. 524 should look a lot better next year.
What a thrill!!!!! A trio of Squires-designed homes. From left to right, 613, 617, and 627 Exchange Street, Emporia. And (drum roll, please) a fourth suspected Squires is across the street!
From left to right, 613, 617, and, way over, 627 Exchange Street, Emporia. I had assumed that 613 and 617 were Squires designs based on numerous stylistic similarities to the Cross House, and was delighted to later confirm that the two houses ARE by Squires. Indeed, Squires lived in 613!!!!
617 Exchange, one of the Squires “twins” shown above.
LEFT above: the attic level of 617 Exchange. Note the curved walls at each side of the window. Note also the gentle curve of the wall above.
RIGHT above: the Cross House. Note the same details.
LEFT above: a close-up of 617 Exchange. Note the lap siding on the first floor, and shingles above. Note, too, the brackets on each corner, and with scroll-work in between.
RIGHT above: the Cross House. Note the very same details as on 617 Exchange (and its “twin” at 613 Exchange). Note also the same details on another suspected Squires design at 526 Exchange (below).
627 Exchange, Emporia, KS, by Charles W. Squires in 1906 (image courtesy ESU Special Collections) .
627 Exchange in color, the northern-most of the “trio”. The home is a block to the east, and one block north, from the Cross House. Note the extraordinary rounded dormers. The home is currently owned by Lesley and Eric Gilger.
Dr. John A. Moore House (demolished), 1888, by Charles W. Squires. The house was a block to the north of the Cross House, at 706 Union (image courtesy ESU Special Collections).
Hallie B. Soden House (NRHP 1977), 802 South Commercial, Emporia, KS, by Charles W. Squires in 1893. The home is still owned, extraordinarily, by Soden descendants. The Cross House has a similar round window on its south facade.
Keebler House (NRHP 1992), 831 Constitution, Emporia, by Charles W. Squires. (NOTE: I suspect that this home may be a Squires-designed remodeling rather than a new build. NOTE: I have a post on this house).
A wonderful detail on 831 Constitution.
The Ashbel J. Crocker House, 819 Constitution, Emporia, Kansas, designed by Charles W. Squires in 1898. The house is just south of 831 Constitution (above). I have a post on this house.
Again, 819 Constitution. Note the grouped columns, the lap siding on the first floor, and shingles above — all typical Squires touches.
Again, 819 Constitution. Note how the walls of the attic level curve in to meet the window. Typical Squires.
First Presbyterian Church, Emporia, Kansas, by Charles W. Squires in 1897.
Another Squires-designed church at the corner of Ninth and Constitution, Emporia, Kansas.
An almost identical design. The First Congregational Church in Council Grove, Kansas, designed by Charles W. Squires.
This church is at the corner of Second and Merchant in Emporia, Kansas. The structure seems an unlikely Squires design but A Guide To Kansas Architecture confirms this. The church is likely a very early Squires creation, on a budget, and the vinyl siding may well hide some interesting details.
Anderson (Carnegie) Memorial Library (NRHP 1987), 1902, Emporia, KS, by Charles W. Squires.
The 1901 Lyon County Courthouse by Charles W. Squires. Tragically, this structure was replaced in the 1950s by another courthouse. Today, this structure would be treasured. NOTE: The stone entry arch was relocated just east of the city on private property.
The Century School, 1900, Emporia, KS, by Charles W. Squires. Demolished.
The Century School was on the NE corner of Tenth and Commercial.
Brettun Hotel in Winfield, Kansas, by Charles. W. Squires. I do not know if the structure is extant.
Farmers & Drovers Bank (NRHP 1971), 1893, Council Grove, KS, by Charles W. Squires. In an astonishing coincidence, Farmers & Drovers financed my purchase of the Cross House.
City Building, Peabody, KS, by Charles W. Squires in 1887.
Lincoln County Courthouse (NRHP 1987), Lincoln, KS, by Charles W. Squires in 1900.
Hutchinson Carnegie Library (NRHP 1987), Hutchinson, KS, by Charles W. Squires in 1904.
PART TWO: SQUIRES SUSPECTED
All the following houses are almost certainly designs by Charles W. Squires. A tell-tale signature of Squires is a certain, ah, exuberance. In addition, Squires had distinctive repeat elements which he used such as:
- Round shapes. Usually a tower, a rounded bay, and/or round/oval windows.
- Exterior walls of lap siding (first floor) and cedar shakes (upper floors).
- Stamped tin belt courses and cornices.
- Exterior double brackets at the corners of bay windows.
- Dentil trim, often exaggerated.
- Unusual, quirky details.
- Cut stone. The man loved cut stone.
818 Exchange. One of the most delightful houses in Emporia. You can tour it on Old House Dreams.
628 Exchange. This house is across the street from the Squires “trio” shown above. At a glance this home does not seem Squires like. But let’s take a closer look. Buildings by Squires tend to exhibit a certain exuberance, and unconventionality. While this house seems normal enough, note the rounded stone arch to the left. Why is it there? And Squires love a good round.
628 Exchange. Wow. Yet there is no reason for this expensive arch. Except that it looks great. Oh, and Squired loved cut stone.
628 Exchange. See the three stone columns? So, why do two of the stone columns have wood columns RIGHT NEXT TO THEM? There is absolutely no reason for this. Except it looks great. This kind of eccentricity is typical of Squires. Ya’ gotta love the man!
628 Cottonwood. This house is one block east of 628 Exchange (above). I have a post on this house, which is similar to…
…1214 Exchange. For a small house, it abounds with mansion-like details. I have a post on this house.
526 Exchange, Emporia, KS. The home is one block due east of the Cross House. I have a post on this house.
This very very small house is on the same block as the Cross House, to the south, RIGHT on the alley, and behind another, much older house. This small house is an in-fill. Typical Squires details include the “tower”, the lap siding on the lower level with shingles above, and the overall massing/scale.
911 Union. I have a post on this house.
614 Union. This knock-out is two houses directly north of my Cross House. Tell-tale Squires signatures include the cut stone, the dentil trim, and eccentric detailing (like, why does the sill for the upper middle window extend WAY past the window?).
614 Union. The stone-work is simply too delicious. Note the oval window.
614 Union. Note the dramatic, thrilling roof overhang, and oval window at the very top.
614 Union. The north facade. While the second floor is (mostly) a simple rectangle, the main level juts out eccentrically here and there, and delightfully. Note also how the porch railings are not straight, as might be expected, but have a gentle curve. NOTE: Surreally, this house has an incredible custom-made 1950s kitchen. The owner of the home told me I was the only person who liked it! And, trust me, it is fabulous.
618 Union. This house is directly to the north of the house shown above. Signature Squires elements include dentil details, a rounded corner, cut stone, and an eccentric, ah, molding of form. Old House Dreams did a post on this house.
618 Union. By eccentric molding of form, please note how the second floor is a simple square. But the first floor…
….goes in and out and in and out and in and out! Like its neighbor right next door. I love the rounded bay. Delicious outside AND inside. Note also the gorgeous cut-stone foundation.
507 Union. This house is just south of my Cross House, and across the street. Squires signatures include the two oval windows on the south facade, dentil detailing (not readily obvious in the image), and, significantly, the sweeping curved upper porch. One simply does not normally see this.
507 Union. Being on the upper porch is thrilling, as the sweeping curve is really impressive up close. Also, quite remarkably, the lower porch railings and lattice appear to be original.
810 Mechanic. I have a post on this house.
701 West Street. As with 507 Union (above), I cannot think of any other Emporia architect who would have created such an extraordinary upper porch other than Charles Squires.
701 West Street.
701 West Street.
701 West Street. The window bays on the house, and porches, have dentil trim, a typical Squires touch. Note also the extremely unusual trim around the windows. This, too, suggest Squires. Indeed, who BUT Squires would come up with such distinctive trim?
702 West Street. This house is across the street from 701 West, above. At first glance 702 does not have any signature Squires design elements. A closer look reveals otherwise. I have a separate post on this house.
810 Market Street. While the exterior has no signature Squires design elements, the interior abounds with Squires. I have a post on the house.
In addition to the homes above, I have come across more than a dozen homes in Emporia with highly distinctive, similar details. The homes are clearly by the same architect, and I believe this was Charles W. Squires, as explained in another post I have written.